TVEL Fuel Company regularly takes part in national and regional environmental events, proving high social responsibility in environment protection and preservation of the country’s natural wealth. The Company works consistently on reduction of adverse environmental effects of its operation.
The main environmental goal of TVEL Fuel Company is promotion of ecological, nuclear and radiation safety, implementation of the Company’s strategic objective to provide social and ecological suitability.
TVEL Fuel Company maintains the Integrated Management System, where a Corporate Environmental Management System is a constituent.
System-based application of the guiding principles of Ecological Policy, the unified methodology of environmental aspect identification and environmental risks and opportunities evaluation allows to allocate funds to solve the most important problems, thus improving performance in the field of ecology. Priority goals and objectives aimed at reducing environmental risks are an integral part of the planning process; they are included in TVEL Fuel Company’s Environmental Objective Achievement Program and Ecological Policy Implementation Plan.
TVEL Fuel Company activity aimed at reduction of adverse environmental impact of the enterprises is characterized by branch specificity and carried out in two directions:
- Removal of the environmental “heritage” of the first nuclear project, created as a result of execution of the military state programs on enterprises included into the management system of the Company, which implies execution of large scale works connected with decommissioning of the nuclear industry facilities and rehabilitation of the contaminated territories.
- Reduction of the impact by the enterprises on the environment connected with current production operations. Ecological management system in being developed in this direction with implementation of modern resource saving production technologies, routine environmental protection actions and continuous environmental quality monitoring.
In accordance with the above directions, enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company formulate annual plans of environment protection measures.
Funding of production and technological arrangements for environment protection is scheduled under TVEL Fuel Company´s Ecological Policy Implementation Plan, Environmental Objective Achievement Program and investment and project activities of TVEL Fuel Company and ROSATOM State Corporation. Each action, prior to its inclusion in investment projects, is assessed at the meeting of the Investment Committee of TVEL JSC in terms of feasibility and effectiveness of final result.
The enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company make regular efforts to improve the existing and introduce the advanced environmental technologies and technologies for monitoring adverse impact on the environment, staff and population of the regions of the enterprises’ presence. Special attention is paid to environmental safety during improvement of the existing nuclear fuel production technologies.
Employees of TVEL JSC and its subsidiaries take an active part in the development of scientific and technical reference books on the best available technologies; these reference book are used at the enterprises included into the management system of TVEL Fuel Company.
Environmentally important subsidiaries of TVEL Fuel Company (AECC JSC, PA ECP JSC, SGChE JSC, NCCP PJSC, UEIP JSC, ChMP JSC, MSZ PJSC) issue and publish on websites the annual public reports on environmental safety to inform the stakeholders, partners, local government bodies, and the public.
Results of the arrangements 2018. Plans 2019
Work of section No. 3 of TVEL JSC STC
Meeting of section No. 3 of TVEL JSC STC “Promotion of environmental, nuclear and radiation safety” with discussion of the issues on implementation of the Russian environmental legislation requirements.
In the reporting year,12 internal audits of the Corporate Environmental Management System were conducted at the subsidiaries of TVEL JSC. Following the results the Audit reports were drawn up, corrective and preventive measures were developed and implemented.
During the period from May 7 till August 8, 2018 the Fuel Company conducted a certification audit of the Fuel Company’s Integrated Management System for compliance with requirements of ISO 9001:2015, ISO 14001:2015, BS OHSAS 18001:2007, ISO 50001:2012 by TÜV Thüringen e.V. certification agency (Germany). According to the audit results TVEL JSC and 12 subsidiaries within the Integrated Management System (IMS) were issued certificates of conformity (registration No. TIC 15,100,52672; TIC 15,104,10699; TIC 15,116,11266; TIC 15,275,14075).
Improvement of regulatory and legal base in the field of environmental protection.
In 2018, the Guidelines for Corporate Environmental Management System of the Fuel Company REM-1-2017 were updated.
Control of availability and validity of ecological authorizations
TVEL JSC executes regularly and in accordance with the “Uniform Industry Guidance on the Implementation of the Ecological Policy of Rosatom State Corporation” the internal checks of availability and validity of ecological authorizations at the enterprises included into the management system of the Fuel Company.
The information about availability and validity of ecological authorizations is submitted to TVEL JSC by its subsidiaries on a quarterly basis.
Upon request, the information about availability and validity of ecological authorizations is directed to Rosatom State Corporation.
Participation in meetings and conferences
In 2018, TVEL Fuel Company took part in the following conferences, seminars and round tables dedicated to environmental, nuclear and radiation safety issues:
Furthermore, TVEL JSC organized:
The facilities of enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company are generally classified as the II category objects causing moderate adverse environmental impact*. However, there are four objects of the I category (metallurgical production) at ChMP JSC where continuous monitoring of their environmental impact is maintained. No excess of the specified standards was registered in 2018.
Energy Saving and Efficiency Improvement Program
The project on energy consumption reduction and energy efficiency improvement of industrial companies of Rosatom is of great importance for the nuclear industry competitiveness recovery.
TVEL Fuel Company is one of the leaders in introduction of automated systems for accounting of energy resources and methods to improve energy efficiency in the nuclear industry, including processes of energy inspections, formation of long-term investment, organizational and technical programs and specific activities for energy efficiency. The Company’s enterprises are involved in Energy Saving and Efficiency Improvement Program (further “the Program”) since 2011. The Program was approved subject to the results of energy and thermovisional inspections held at the Company’s organizations.
In 2018, the representatives of TUV International Certification LLC carried out a Certification Audit of Energy Management Corporate System (EMCS) at TVEL JSC and its enterprises. As a result of the audit, the identified observations and inconsistencies were eliminated. TVEL JSC and the Company’s enterprises received certificates of management system compliance with the requirements of the international standard ISO 50001:2011 for a period of three years. Moreover, during the reporting period TVEL JSC auditors conducted internal audits of the Energy Management Corporate System at the enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company.
Reduced actual funding in 2018 under the Energy Saving and Efficiency Improvement Program is connected with the refusal of measures due to changes in the production programs of the enterprises of the Fuel Company, and with savings due to the adopted technical solutions, as well as with the postponement of measures for subsequent periods due to the need for their additional study (implementation of investment feasibility study, etc.).
In 2018, the energy consumption by the subsidiaries of TVEL Fuel Company was reduced by 5.49% (165.99 mln kWh), heat energy – by 12.3% (288.04 thous. Gcal) as compared to the reference values of 2015 under comparable conditions**. The reduction in energy resources consumption (as compared to 2015) in monetary terms was 10.89% (RUB 1.082 mln) with the target indicator 6%.
Reduced energy consumption is not associated with the reduction in the volume of TVEL Fuel Company’s production program, it was achieved through the implementation of events within the framework of the Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency Improvement Program.
In conformity with the Order issued by Rosatom State Corporation d/d October 23, 2018 No. 1/1205-П On Approval of Financing for Energy Saving and Efficiency Improvement Program for the period 2018-2022, Rosatom State Corporation set targets to reduce energy consumption by 2025. In 2019, the target Indicator for reduced energy consumption is determined 7% compared to the reference year 2015.
Total amount of saved electric power, mln kWh
Total amount of heat energy, thous. Gcal
Total amount of electric power and heat energy, thous. GJ
Plans for 2019:
- modernization of drainage pumps at the pumping station No.1 in AECC JSC;
- introduction of a system of technological data exchange with the automated system of the system operator at ОРУ-110 kV in AECC JSC;
- modernization of refrigeration units ХТМ2-1-4000 in PA ECP JSC;
- modernization of general lighting network (including replacement of lamps with LEDs) at ChMP JSC;
- replacement of street lighting fixtures and spotlights with LEDs in Centrotech SPA LLC, etc.
Following the results of 2018, the authoring team of employees in SGChE JSC became the winner of the RPS contest in the nomination “Best SFI with the greatest economic effect” for the implementation of “Optimization of operating mode BU No.2” project.
As a result of adjusting the temperature mode of the heating network in boiler plant No.2, the water consumption was reduced at an earlier stage of operation mode. The economic effect was more than RUB 8 mln
Introduction of energy efficient operating modes for the main and auxiliary equipment of separation plant.
Economic effect is more than RUB 35 mln per year.
Modernization of the heating network of the area from УТ-18 to ТК-21В of total length 480 m.
Reduced normative heat losses by RUB 0.4 mln during the heating season.
PA ECP JSC
Changing the mode of water supply to the circuit B-03 due to the pressure change after impellers trimming.
Decrease in energy consumption by 3.892 thous. kWh.
Reconstruction of the heat network unit Du600 (from TK-1A to TK-7A) using pipelines with foam polymer insulation of total length 2.568 m (replacement of pipelines and insulation).
Reduced heat loss in this area up to 15%.
Replacing the refrigeration unit No.10 in building 250 with a new one with high efficiency and cooling ratio more than 7.
Economic effect on reduction of energy consumption is 2 mln kWh.
Replacing the compressor in building 203 with two interredundant compressors with improved specific energy consumption for compressed air production.
Economic effect on reduction of energy consumption is 5.75 mln kWh.
Decentralization of the compressed air supply system.
The expected economic effect is more than RUB 300 mln.
Reconstruction of the general lighting in the buildings 450, 703 (introduction of automated process control systems with switching to LED lamps).
Energy saving in volume terms – 1.11 mln kWh per year.
Centrotech SPA LLC
Installing a circulation pump for the heating system of building 178.
The expected savings in hot water heat consumption is RUB 35.000 per year.
Use and Processing of Materials
The quantity of materials necessary for the manufacture of products at enterprises of the Company is determined by the production program.
Enterprises of separation-sublimation complex use uranium and synthetic materials for products manufacturing. Enterprises of fabrication block use raw materials represented by enriched uranium product. Synthetic materials, ferrous and non-ferrous metals are basically used in the manufacture of gas centrifuges.
All raw materials used by TVEL Fuel Company enterprises are purchased. No renewable materials are used in production. Examples of the used materials are shown in Table below.
Technical sulfuric acid (oleum)
In 2018, the total amount of industrial and consumer waste of the Company’s enterprises was decreased by 23.6% as compared to the level of 2017 and made around 31.8 thous. tons.
Reasons of waste reduction:
- Reorganization of waste record keeping in SGChE JSC: during the first three quarters of 2017, SGChE JSC accounted for all wastes generated in the process of production economic activity of HPP at OTEK JSC; in the fourth quarter of 2017 HPP at OTEK JSC began to account for the generated waste independently;
- Implementation of the investment project “Concentration of Production Facilities of Tochmash VPA JSC and KMZ PJSC”.
In technological processes of the enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company the produced waste could not be reused during manufacture of the key products. Non-production waste of hazard class 5 (virtually non-hazardous) was used in 2018 by MSZ PJSC and ChMP JSC (38% and 4% respectively).
The bulk of waste (65.4%) is Hazard Class V (virtually hazardous) waste, mainly consisting of metal scrap and waste, which are delivered to specialized organizations for treatment and disposal.
Tochmash VPA JSC
Total for TVEL FC**
** Share in the total volume of waste generation by all enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company.
Water Consumption and Water Disposal
In 2018, withdrawal of water by the enterprises of the Company increased by 36% and made 545.9 mln m3, water consumption for own needs decreased by 62% to 120.0 mln m3. Thus, 257.1 mln m3 of water were disposed by the Company’s enterprises (58.2% of the standard), which is the main share of water disposal.
The main source of water withdrawal is represented by natural sources 71.2% (388.4 mln m3). Water is being withdrawn by the enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company from natural sources in accordance with the set standards. Water withdrawal from public and other water supply systems was 157.5 mln m3 in 2018.
In 2018, the standard of water withdrawal was set at 669.6 mln m3, the actual volume of withdrawal was 81.5% of the set standard.
In 2018, the volume of return water was 267.7 mln m3. The share of return water of the total amount of withdrawn water was 49%, the share of reused water in the total volume of withdrawn water was 14%.
Reasons for increase in volumes of water withdrawal by TVEL Fuel Company:
- Increase of water use by HPP-9 of Irkutskenergo JSC, the client of AECC JSC, due to the increased demand for electrical capacities;
- change in the balance scheme of water supply and disposal in the second half of 2017, specifically the transfer of output No. 1 from TVK LLC to ChMP JSC and conclusion with ChMP JSC contracts for receiving waste water from clients to the industrial sewage system;
- transfer of HPP property complex from SGChE JSC to OTEK JSC. A new subscriber, the Seversk branch of OTEK JSC appeared in the water supply and water disposal plan of SGChE JSC. At water intake, most of the river water is transferred to HPP of OTEK JSC for use. Used HPP waste waters return to the Northern waste canal of SGChE JSC and are discharged into the river Tom together with the waste waters of SGChE JSC.
Total waste, including:
Hazard Class I
Hazard Class II
Hazard Class III
Hazard Class IV
Hazard Class V
Reasons for decrease in volumes of water consumption by TVEL Fuel Company:
- transfer of the equipment of workshop 5 on calcium production of ChMP JSC to the circulating water supply;
- comprehensive testing and trial operation of the new circulating water supply system based on the existing hydraulic facilities of AECC JSC;
- transfer of HPP property complex from SGChE JSC to OTEK JSC and the appearance of a new subscriber in the water supply and water disposal plan of SGChE JSC, Seversk branch of OTEK JSC. In this connection, more than 90% of the water used by SGChE JSC in 2017 is assigned to this subscriber in 2018.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CIRCULATING WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM IN WORKSHOP NO. 5 OF CHMP JSC
Industrial water (technical raw water of the Cheptsa river) is widely used in the calcium production by ChMP JSC as cooling water for the process equipment in volumes about 30 thous. m3 / month. Previously, waste water of high temperature was discharged into the sewage system in the Cheptsa river.
Specialists of ChMP JSC developed and implemented technical measures for circulating water supply of calcium production.
the implementation of which has significantly reduced the negative impact on the environment.
At the end of 2017 and 2018, the Company implemented the activities which helped to reduce the consumption of industrial water and eliminate its discharge into the Cheptsa river. The cost of these activities amounted to RUB 3.7 mln.
Scheme of industrial (technical raw) water consumption before the appearance of circulating water supply
Scheme of industrial (technical raw) water consumption after the appearance of circulating water supply
In 2018, total pollutant emissions into the atmosphere by the Company’s enterprises decreased by 61.4% and amounted to 1.5 thous. tons (48% of the set standard).
Reduction of pollutant emissions is explained by:
- reorganization of emissions accounting at SGChE JSC: during the first three quarters 2017, Seversk branch of OTEK JSC enjoyed the authorization for pollutants emissions obtained by SGChE JSC till the transfer of HPP property complex of SGChE JSC to OTEK JSC;
- reduction in radioactive waste processing volumes at UEIP JSC in order to extract uranium from RW using hightemperature combustion method;
- implementation of the investment project “Concentration of Production Facilities of Tochmash VPA JSC and KMZ PJSC”;
- suspension of depleted uranium oxide concentrate production at ChMP JSC;
- reconstruction of technological processes at MSZ PJSC, suspension and temporary closing of a number of production buildings for a year.
The largest volumes of emissions were reported at ChMP JSC. This is due to technological processes of chemical metallurgical production.
Slight increase of ozone-depleting substances emissions by TVEL Fuel Company is stipulated by:
- identification of a new emissions source when conducting an inventory of sources of harmful chemicals emissions in 2017 at SGChE JSC;
- commissioning of refrigerating machines in AECC JSC due to production needs.
Decrease in nitrogen and sulphur oxide emissions by 90% and 66% correspondingly is stipulated by overall emissions decrease reasons given above. In 2018, emissions of solid substances amounted to 0.14 thous. tons, and volatile organic compounds – 0.49 thous. tons.
In 2018, greenhouse gas emission intensity amounted to RUB 5.65 tons/mln of revenue (in 2017 - RUB 5.11 tons/mln). The emissions from technological processes form the bulk of greenhouse gas emissions at TVEL Fuel Company.
Share of emissions of the enterprise to the total emissions of the TVEL FC’s emissions in 2018
PA ECP JSC
Tochmash VPA JSC
Centrotech SPA LLC
Name of the substance
Centrotech SPA LLC
PA ECP JSC
PA ECP JSC
PA ECP JSC
Centrotech SPA LLC
PA ECP JSC
Relative Impact of the Fuel Company Enterprises on the Environment in the Regions of Presence
The enterprises included in the management system of TVEL Fuel Company are located on lands that are owned by the enterprises, as well as on lands that are used on a leasehold basis and are owned by the Russian Federation. Industrial sites of the enterprises and adjacent territories are not referred to the territories with high valued biodiversity, they are not inhabited by animals and plants included in the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) Red List and the national list of protected species.
The Russian environmental legislation sets the standards of admissible impact on the environment to provide compliance with the environmental quality standards. The enterprises, in their turn, follow the standards of admissible impact of the environment, and, thus, they do not create threats to animals and plants inhabiting the areas adjacent to the enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company.
Taking into account the fact that industrial sites of the enterprises do not affect the territories with high valued biodiversity, there is no impact of activity, products and services on endangered and valuable species.
In accordance with the Russian Federation nature protection laws TVEL Fuel Company enterprises set the standards of admissible impact on the environment that ensure the environmental quality preservation. Strict compliance with the standards of admissible impact on the environment by the enterprises ensures the absence of threats to animals and plants inhabiting the areas adjacent to the Company’s enterprises.
The impact of the major part of the Company’s enterprises on the environment of the regions of presence is in general less than 5% of the total impact of industrial facilities on the environment of the corresponding regions. This level of exposure corresponds to the following indicators:
- AECC JSC (2.5% of waste water discharge in Irkutsk region);
- PA ECP JSC (4.2% of waste water discharge in Krasnoyarsk territory);
- UEIP JSC (0.8% of waste water discharge in Novosibirsk region);
- SGChE JSC (0.3% of waste in Tomsk region).
The 5% level was exceeded by SGChE JSC (53.6% of waste water discharge in Tomsk region) and ChMP JSC (6.3% of waste water discharge in the Udmurt Republic). At the same time, it should be noted that SGChE JSC receives all waste water from Seversk (including from HPP and social facilities of the city) due to the fact that it is the only enterprise that has waste water outlets to the Tom river within the boundaries of the city.
The share of impact of the rest of TVEL Fuel Company enterprises in the total impact of economic activities on the environment in the regions of presence is insignificant.
* The carbon dioxide emissions were taken into consideration to determine greenhouse gases emissions, because carbon oxide emitted into the atmosphere from anthropogenic sources is oxidized to carbon dioxide. The indicators were determined by computational method and recalculated in accordance with the Methodological Guidelines used to Quantify the Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Organizations that Carry out Economic and Other Activities in the Russian Federation, approved by the Order No. 300 of the Ministry of Natural Resources d/d June 30, 2015, namely:
- Formula No. 2 of the Methodological guidelines was used in computation.
- The amount of CO2 emissions was calculated by conversion from CO (multiplied by factor1.57).
- Emissions of CH4 (methane) of UEIP JSC and emissions of perfluoromethane (freon 14) of ChMP JSC, subject to GWP specified in the Appendix No. 3 of the Methodological Guidelines, were also taken into account in calculating the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions at TVEL Fuel Company.
No emergencies and incidents resulting in negative environmental impact occurred in 2018 at the enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company
The enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company have no material impact on water bodies that are used for water withdrawal. Water bodies that are used as sources of water supply of the Fuel Company enterprises are not referred to the vulnerable and are not included in the Ramsar List.
Greenhouse gas emissions at the Fuel Company are caused by technological processes. There is no significant impact caused by transportation associated with the activity of the TVEL FC enterprises, and transportation of personnel. Transportation of hazardous cargoes and special cargoes is carried out by the third parties pursuant to licenses and subject to compliance with the requirements set to organization of transportations.
For the purpose of reduction of the adverse impact on the environment, measures have been taken on scheduled replacement of morally and physically obsolescent motor vehicles with modern ones complying with exhaust toxicity standards, as well as for replacement of motor vehicles that have gas engines with motor vehicles that have diesel engines.
In operation of the rolling stock, the routes and working hours are constantly adjusted and optimized, mileage and the complement of vehicles in the motor vehicle fleet are cut down, this results in reduction of total mileage and, therefore, reduction of the total consumption of fuel and adverse impact on the environment.
The impact of TVEL Fuel Company enterprises on the climate is negligible as compared to the enterprises of the mining industry and thermal power companies. Thus, the issue related to assessment of the financial aspects and other risks and opportunities associated with climate change was not considered in the reporting period. Climate change has no impact on the activities of TVEL Fuel Company enterprises and their employees.
The activities aimed at reduction of adverse environmental impact of the enterprises in 2018:
- replacement of metering devices for domestic waste water discharged from the industrial site of AECC JSC;
- creation of the circulating water supply system based on the existing hydraulic facilities of AECC JSC;
- modernization of refrigeration units ХТМ2-1-4000 and reduction in industrial water consumption due to commissioning of two refrigerating machines of air conditioning systems in building 901 of PA ECP JSC;
- modernization of gas exchange and gas cleaning ventilation in the chemical workshop PA ECP JSC;
- creation of a circulating water supply system for calcium production in ChMP JSC;
- creation of a system for collecting, cleaning and preparing industrial water for technical water supply MSZ PJSC;
- works on conservation of B-1 and B-25 ponds for storing radioactive waste in SGChE JSC.
Plans for 2019 aimed at reduction of adverse environmental impact of the enterprises
- commissioning of the system for collecting, cleaning and preparing industrial water for technical water supply at MSZ PJSC;
- modernization of refrigeration machine ХТМ -2-1-4000 in PA ECP JSC;
- modernization of twelve sections of the gas centrifuge equipment in building 903 of PA ECP JSC;
- continuation of works on conservation of B-1 and B-25 ponds for storing radioactive waste in SGChE;
- modernization of the pumping equipment installed at the on-shore pumping station No. 1 of AECC JSC;
- creation and launching of the module unit on soil demercurization at NCCP JSC;
- creation of a site for conditioning and intermediate storage of radioactive waste at UEIP JSC.
Best Available Techniques
TVEL JSC and its subsidiaries regularly operate with the Best Available Techniques Bureau (BAT) on participation in development of information and technical BAT manuals.
In 2018, at ChMP JSC, which has facilities of category I on the negative environmental impact, TVEL JSC with participation of Rosatom SC, ANO NIIPE and BAT Bureau organized and conducted a business game “Issuing a Comprehensive Environmental Permit”, within the framework of which the BAT compliance with the existing techniques of the category I facilities at ChMP JSC was analysed. Subject to the Business Game results the management of ChMP JSC received the relevant recommendations
Commissioning of the system for collecting, cleaning and preparing industrial storm waters for technical water supply at storm water outlets.
Reduction in natural resources utilization (refusal of river water intake).
Elimination of pollutants discharge from the industrial site into the water body - the Marinka river.
Launching of the module unit on soil demercurization.
Bringing to the sanitation standards the territory of the industrial site polluted during the times of the Soviet defence programs implementation.
Commissioning of the Liquid Waste and Solid Radioactive Waste Processing Complex.
Reducing the flow of liquid waste and solid radioactive waste to the tailing dump.
PA ECP JSC
Commissioning of the second stage of W-ECP unit on defluorization of depleted uranium hexafluoride.
Possibility to additionally covert up to 10.000 tons per year of potentially dangerous uranium hexafluoride into a stable chemical form - uranium oxide concentrate (a substance close to the natural state of uranium ores and suitable for safe long-term storage).
Halving the production area occupied by containers with aggressive uranium compounds.
In 2018, operating expenses of the Company enterprises for environment protection amounted to RUB 2.203.8 million. Target funds, that were allocated in the framework of the investment and project activities of TVEL Fuel Company and Rosatom State Corporation, were used to finance both technical and organizational arrangements.
The share of expenses is related to the activities for environment radiation safety assurance (RUB 944 mln). Considerable expenses are related to collection and treatment of waste water (RUB 483 mln).
The share of environment protection expenses of TVEL Fuel Company falls on SGChE JSC, UEIP JSC and NCCP PJSC.
In 2018, total amount of payments for negative impact on the environment increased by 2.2% as compared to the previous year and amounted to RUB 11.01 mln.
In the reporting year, the enterprises included in the management system of TVEL Fuel Company were not subject to any non-financial fines and penalties for negative environmental impact; no damage was caused to the environment.
Ural Electrochemical Integrated Plant (UEIP JSC)
Siberian Group of Chemical Enterprises (SGChE JSC)
Chepetsky Mechanical Plant (ChMP JSC)
Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrates Plant (NCCP JSC)
Electrochemical Plant (PA ECP JSC)
Machine-Building Plant (MSZ PJSC)
Bochvar Institute (VNIINM JSC)
Angarsk Electrolysis Chemical Complex (AECC JSC)
Tochmash VPA JSC
Kovrov Mechanical Plant (KMZ PJSC)
Moscow Polymetal Plant (MZP JSC)
Centrotech SPA LLC
Radiation safety assurance
Waste water collection and treatment
Atmosphere air protection and prevention of climate change
Protection and rehabilitation of lands, surface and ground water
Other activities in the sphere of environment protection
Activities of TVEL Fuel Company are carried out in accordance with the laws of the Russian Federation pertaining to the use of nuclear power with due account to IAEA requirements.
Assurance of nuclear and radiation safety (NRS) of facilities of the Company enterprises, prevention and exclusion of any possibility of inadmissible exposure of the personnel, population and environment to radiation are the key priorities of environmental policy of TVEL Fuel Company.
The Company’s subsidiaries maintain methodical work aimed at prevention and exclusion of radiation accidents, improvement of the stability of hazardous production facilities, training of personnel and special formations for accidents and emergencies.
Prevention of radiation accidents requires the constant monitoring of compliance with the rules, regulations, instructions, observance of technological discipline.
General management of the works aimed to ensure NRS at the Company's enterprises is imposed on Technical Directors (Chief Engineers).
The KPI “No events of exposure to effective individual dose exceeding 20 mSv” was set for the heads of the subsidiaries departments dealing with the ionizing radiation sources.
Employees of the companies working at radiation-hazardous subdivisions of the plant must comply with the radiation safety requirements contained in the regulatory documents of the relevant subdivisions of the companies. Based on these documents, SCs develop their own radiation safety instructions for personnel.
Subsidiaries of the second level develop and formulate:
- radiation safety instructions for SCs personnel;
- lists of A and B group personnel;
- “Radiation Safety” sections in work plans.
Lists of nuclear hazardous sections are elaborated for all nuclear-hazardous facilities of the Company, there are conclusions on the nuclear safety issued by the Department of Nuclear Safety of IPPE RF SSC FSUE. All nuclear hazardous sections are equipped with emergency alarm systems in the case of self-sustaining fission chain reaction.
Units of the enterprises for processing, storage, manufacturing with application of nuclear materials and radioactive substances, radioactive wastes treatment have sanitary-epidemiological conclusions on compliance of conditions of work with radiation sources with sanitary rules.
According to the conclusions made by the territorial departments of the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Service of the Russian Federation, the radiation situation at the Company's enterprises, within their sanitary protection areas and control areas (areas of professional responsibility) is estimated as satisfactory.
According to the findings of regulatory bodies, radiation and nuclear safety at the enterprises of the TVEL Fuel Company as a whole complies with the requirements of the standards and regulations in the field of atomic energy use. There were no cases of deprivation of licenses in the field of the use of nuclear energy in TVEL Fuel Company.
THE MAIN PROGRAM DOCUMENTS ON NRS ARE AS FOLLOWS:
- Fundamentals of State Policy in the Sphere of Nuclear and Radiation Safety of the Russian Federation up to 2025
- Federal Target Program “Nuclear and Radiation Safety Assurance for 2016-2020 and up to 2030”
Federal Target Program “Nuclear and Radiation Safety Assurance for 2016-2020 and up to 2030”
Within the strategic initiative “Environmental Responsibility” of TVEL Fuel Company, the works are ongoing for liquidation of “nuclear heritage”, including rehabilitation of contaminated areas.
Since 2016 there is a new Federal Target Program “Nuclear and Radiation Safety Assurance for 2016-2020 and up to 2030”(FTP NRS-2), http://фцп-ярб2030.рф)*.
FTP NRS-2 includes 17 events of TVEL Fuel Company to the total amount RUB 38.0 billion, including RUB 33.8 billion out of the federal budget. The said arrangements will be performed at facilities of SGChE JSC, AECC JSC, UEIP JSC, NCCP PJSC, MSZ PJSC, VNIINM JSC. In this regard decommissioning of radiation sources in the laboratory of resource tests of OKB-Nizhny Novgorod JSC was completed ahead of schedule in 2016 instead of the planned 2018.
Apart from decommissioning of NRHF and rehabilitation of the contaminated territories of FTP NRS-2, the decision was taken on decommissioning of the sublimation production at AECC JSC, production of uranium tetrafluoride at ChMP JSC and chemical metallurgical plant of SGChE JSC. The above measures shall be implemented partially at the expense of the special reserve fund No. 3 (Decommissioning and R&D) of Rosatom State Corporation.
One of the key objectives set to the industry is reduction in expenses and production costs to ensure competitiveness on the world market. In this regard, it is planned that by 2030 NRHF will be decommissioned, 470 thousand square meters of territories contaminated with radionuclides territories will be rehabilitated. This will significantly reduce the cost of products manufactured by enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company due to reduction of contaminated areas and subsequent production compaction. Significant means spent annually for safe maintenance of NRHF of TVEL Fuel Company will also be preserved.
Plans up to the year 2030
- unit U-5, structure G, beyond-design disposal No.2, 9 at VNIINM JSC;
- structure 2 (building 802) and structure 4 (building 804), sublimation production of AECC JSC;
- radioactive waste storage facilities of buildings 310 at AECC JSC;
- structure No. 242 of MSZ PJSC;
- facilities for processing of irradiated standard uranium slugs of site No.3 at SGChE JSC;
- production of uranium tetrafluoride and depleted uranium at ChMP JSC.
- ponds B-1, B-25, pulp dumps PKh-1, PKh-2, storage facilities No.263, 765, 765/2, 757, 757а, 757в, 757г, 781/1 at site No.16 of SGChE JSC;
- tailing dumps at NCCP PJSC.
NAME OF ENTERPRISE
SCOPE OF FINANCE, RUB MLN
Siberian Group of Chemical Enterprises (SGChE JSC)
Reconstruction of facility 13 at Radiochemical Plant
Conservation of B-1 storage bay
Conservation of B-25 pond
Angarsk Electrolysis Chemical Complex (AECC JSC)
Decommissioning of structure No. 2 (Building 802) and structure No. 4 (Building No. 804)
TOTAL at the Company’s sites
Number of activities
Scope of financing, RUB mln
LIST OF MAJOR ACTIVITIES
The Federal Budget within the Federal Target Program “Nuclear and Radiation Safety Assurance for 2016-2020 and up to 2030” (FTP)
The Special Reserve Fund No. 3 “Decommissioning and R&D” of Rosatom State Corporation
Reserve No. 3 “Decommissioning of R&D” remaining at the disposal of the organization
Number of INES violations of level 2 and higher
Commissioning of spent nuclear fuel repositories
Commissioning of spent radioactive waste repositories
Preparation for decommissioning of nuclear and radiation-hazard facilities
Number of decommissioned nuclear and radiation-hazard facilities
The following documents were obtained in 2018 by TVEL Fuel Company with regard to improvement of the government control and coordination of the works in the sphere of nuclear power safe use (including the issues of transportation of nuclear materials):
- 52 authorising certificates for shipping packaging sets with radioactive materials;
- 15 additions to the authorising certificates;
- Two special requirements to air transportation of the shipping packaging sets;
- One special conditions for transportation of radioactive materials.
COMPETENCE CENTERS FOR DECOMMISSIONING
В 2018 году в АО «СХК», АО «АЭХК», АО «ЦПТИ» и АО «ВНИИНМ» запущен процесс формирования центров компетенций по выводу из эксплуатации ядерно и радиационно опасных объектов.
Основной задачей центров компетенций по выводу из эксплуатации ядерно и радиационно опасных объектов является выполнение работ по ВЭ ЯРОО собственными силами как на своих площадках, так и на территории России и за рубежом. Данное направление позволит Топливной компании ТВЭЛ создавать новые рабочие места и получать дополнительную выручку.
Кроме того, в конце 2018 года принято решение об определении АО «ТВЭЛ» ответственной организацией атомной отрасли по развитию бизнеса по выводу из эксплуатации ядерных и радиационно опасных объектов.
In 2018, SGChE JSC, AECC JSC, CPTI JSC and VNIINM JSC have launched the process of forming competence centers for decommissioning nuclear and radiation hazardous facilities.
The main goal of the competence centers for decommissioning of nuclear and radiation hazardous facilities is to perform works on NRHF decommissioning with their own resources both on their sites and in Russia, and abroad.
This area will allow the TVEL Fuel Company to create new jobs and receive additional revenue.
Moreover, at the end of 2018 it was decided to elect TVEL JSC the responsible organization of the nuclear industry for the development of business for decommissioning of nuclear and radiation hazardous facilities.
No contamination of new areas occurred resulting from activities of the subsidiaries of TVEL Fuel Company in the reporting year. All identified contaminated areas are consequence of activities of the enterprises focusing on improving the defensive ability of the country during the period of the “nuclear shield” creation
The Company implements the concept of defence-in-depth based on physical barriers to ionizing radiation proliferation at all stages of nuclear facilities life cycle.
During product transportation TVEL JSC ensures compliance with the Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials NP-053-16 and IAEA SSR-6 Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials, as well as other international documents on transport.
Most of radioactive wastes located at the sites of TVEL JSC subsidiaries are placed in temporary RW disposal sites (55.7% of the total volume in m3) and long-term RW storage facilities (39.4%). In the reporting year, 363.982.4 m3 of RW were delivered to a specialized organization for disposal.
Emission of alpha-active RN into the atmosphere, Bq
Presence of areas contaminated with RN, thous. m2
Discharge of waste water containing RN, Bq
AREAS CONTAMINATED WITH RADIONUCLIDES, THOUS. M2
Sanitary protection zone
Area of professional responsibility
LEVEL OF RADIOACTIVITY
Presence of RW on the sites of TVEL Fuel Company subsidiaries as of the end 2018, total
accumulated before July 15, 2011 (“heritage”)*
produced after July 15, 2011, total
produced in the reporting year
In accordance with the legislative requirements the organizations operating hazardous production facilities and included to the management system of TVEL JSC concluded compulsory civil liability insurance contracts for damage resulting from an accident at hazardous production facilities. The Company conducts emergency trainings according to the developed schedules, financial resources and material resources reserved for localizing and eliminating the consequences of accidents. According to the schedules developed by the operating organizations, industrial safety examinations and technical diagnostics are carried out in order to evaluate technical devices of hazardous production facilities and extend the operating life of technical devices of nuclear facilities. The Company carries out works on the new acid storage facility commissioning at MSZ JSC, reconstruction of acid storage facility at SGChE JSC, construction of a new chemically hazardous production facility at ChMP JSC.
FIRE AND DISASTER PREVENTION
In 2018, TVEL Fuel Company continued to improve facilityspecific system of emergency prevention and response, and fire safety system
All enterprises of the Company worked out the documents regulating the actions of the management, emergency services, response forces and employees in natural and manmade emergencies, and created the reserves of financial and material resources to eliminate such situations.
The EMS on-duty dispatching service of the Fuel Company enterprises performs everyday collection and analysis of the information about natural and technogenic environment in the areas of nuclear and radiation hazardous facilities and sites.
Non-staff emergency response teams were formed at TVEL JSC enterprises. These teams were certified by the industry certification commission of TVEL JSC, they have the necessary material and human resources to response emergency and be in a state of constant readiness.
TVEL FC enterprises together with Civil Defence and Emergency Management Agencies carried out quarterly tests of the horns and loud-speaking systems to control the technical readiness of local emergency alarm.
Information is transmitted to the Situation and Crisis Management Centre of Rosatom SC, control bodies of functional and territorial subsystems for ES prevention and response via municipal, intercity telephone networks, cellular communications, departmental communications of Rosatom State Corporation, Internet e-mail, ViP-Net departmental secure e-mail and stationary and mobile VHF radio stations.
To ensure the readiness for emergency and fire management, TVEL Fuel Company enterprises held the drills involving deployment of material and human resources of both the enterprises and the interacting forces of territorial and functional subsystems of the Single State Emergency Management System. In 2018, there were held 536 drills and trainings, including 6 snap drills.
To control the readiness of TVEL Fuel Company for freshet and fire season, on April 17, 2017 there was held a divisional drill with deployment of material and human resources of the enterprises and the interacting forces of EMERCOM of Russia, branches of the Emergency Center SPb FSUE, FMBA of Russia, Atom-Okhrana FSUE, etc. The training showed the readiness of organizations to counteract dangerous seasonal natural phenomena and a high level of interaction of all participating forces. The level of practical skills of emergency system officials of TVEL Fuel Company on communication organization, transmission of control and warning signals, informational interaction in the course of emergency and natural manmade emergency situations protection has been improved.
Considerable efforts were made to improve fire safety by carrying out organizational and technical measures, which made it possible:
- to ensure continuous monitoring of fire situation in forests on industrial sites, surrounding areas, to prevent wildfires;
- to improve the quality of training of managers and specialists responsible for fire safety in specialized training centres, and to upgrade the system of fire safety briefing of employees;
- to ensure further development of the volunteer fire-fighter movement, holding of contests and competitions.
Continuation of works on:
- the implementation of investment projects aimed at reequipment of facilities with automatic fire fighting systems to 100%;
- reducing the number of violations found by the state fire supervisory authorities of the EMERCOM of Russia. Overall reduction in number of violations of fire safety requirements over the past seven years is 64.8%.
EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE
Activity intended to ensure emergency preparedness and response of the Fuel Company subsidiaries is carried out in eight key areas.
Non-staff emergency response teams were formed at the Company’s enterprises. These teams were certified by the industry certification commission of TVEL JSC, they have the necessary material and human resources to response emergency and are maintained in continuous readiness.
KEY AREAS OF ACTIVITY TO ENSURE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE BY TVEL JSC SUBSIDIARIES
- Development of radiation, chemical and environmental situation monitoring systems and local warning systems
- Continuous readiness of emergency rescue teams
- Updating of emergency response plans at major industrial facilities
- Emergency response drills under accident and emergency plans
- Setting up and maintaining the emergency preparedness and response packages at hazardous industrial facilities
- Introduction of corrective and compensatory measures to prevent industrial accidents
- Interaction with Emergency Centre SPb and its affiliates to ensure emergency preparedness in transportation of dangerous goods and industrial safety
- Maintenance of on-duty dispatching service system in readiness
THE UNIFIED STATE AUTOMATED RADIATION MONITORING SYSTEM OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company (MSZ PJSC, ChMP JSC, VNIINM JSC, SGChE JSC, UEIP JSC, AECC JSC, PA ECP JSC) operate and constantly improve the Automated Radiation Monitoring Systems (ARMS).
The ARMS of the Fuel Company enterprises are included into the Sector ARMS of Rosatom State Corporation, which in its turn is interconnected with the Unified State Automated Radiation Monitoring System (ARMS).
ARMS is untended for continuous radiation and meteorological control at production facilities of enterprises and in residential areas of the territories of presence. The outcomes are transmitted to the Situation and Crisis Management Center of Rosatom State Corporation, after that they are available at www.russianatom.ru. Modernization will allow to monitor automatically all fixed monitoring stations and to transmit the obtained information to the Situation and Crisis Management Center on an hourly basis.
SGCHE JSC IMPROVES THE AUTOMATED RADIATION MONITORING SYSTEM
In March-December 2018, SGChE JSC conducted trial operation of the Automated Radiation Monitoring System (ARMS) after its modernization.
The equipment to measure gamma radiation dose rate and data transfer was installed in all 10 radiation monitoring stations. Data collection unit was installed in the workplace of the shift supervisor of SGChE JSC, conducting round-the-clock control over the operation of the enterprise. The information board was mounted and connected over the central entrance to plant building (Seversk).
Apart from measuring gamma radiation dose rate, the updated ARMS will provide the possibility of carrying out a spectrometric analysis to determine the radionuclide composition and number of radionuclides in air and sewage waters of the plant. The ARMS includes mobile installations of radiation gamma surveying on the ground with the possibility of coordinates recording using GPS and transfer of measurement results to data collection points via cellular communication.
In accordance with the Plan of Actions on Establishment, Development and Improvement of ARMS of ROSATOM 2016-2018, enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company performed the following in 2018:
PA ECP JSC
Within the framework of the Automated Measuring System of Industrial And Ecological Monitoring, protective structures were equipped with gas analysers.
Successful commissioning of the updated ARMS.
Launching pilot operation of the updated ARMS.
PHYSICAL PROTECTION AND ANTI-TERRORISM SECURITY OF NUCLEAR FACILITIES
The systems of physical protection (PP) at the enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company are created and operated according to the requirements of current regulatory documents.
In accordance with the Uniform Policy of Rosatom State Corporation and TVEL JSC the system of physical protection, safety and anti-terrorism security of all enterprises (areas) of TVEL Fuel Company is being continuously improved.
In the furtherance of the counter-terrorism security goals all facilities (territories) of the companies included into the management system of TVEL Fuel Company were classified, safety data sheets and amendments thereto were drawn up, the updated summary list of classified facilities (territories) of the company was drafted.
Performance of the systems of physical protection is regularly evaluated in the course of complex and special-purpose inspections by Rosatom State Corporation and TVEL JSC.
In 2018, the security department of TVEL Fuel Company conducted 6 inspections of physical protection and security at nuclear- and radiation-hazardous and high-security facilities of AECC JSC, SGChE JSC, NCCP PJSC, UEIP JSC, KMZ PJSC, Tochmash VPA JSC. In the course of inspections of the systems of physical protection a special attention was paid to verifying the compliance with the requirements of legal regulatory acts, conditions stipulated by the Rostekhnadzor licenses, as well as to corrective actions to eliminate all deficiencies identified by control and supervisory authorities. Analysis of the inspection findings shows that the enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company take measures aimed at enhancement and improvement of the systems of physical protection, safety and counterterrorism security.
According to the results of inspection analysis:
- the systems of physical protection and security have been created and operate in conformity with the current statutory documents;
- at all nuclear-hazardous facilities the nuclear materials, nuclear units and storage depots are protected against thievery and unauthorized actions; the measures are taken to protect against possible terrorist attacks;
- any deviations from requirements of statutory documents revealed during inspections are analysed and reflected in the improvement plans for the systems of physical protection with allocation of corresponding funds by Rosatom State Corporation.
In accordance with the program of measures to ensure physical protection and anti-terrorism resistance of the organizations of Rosatom State Corporation (dated 13.11.2017 No. 1/1116-П-дсп) TVEL Fuel Company allocated RUB 792.080.4 thous.
COUNTER-TERRORISM SECURITY OF THE FACILITIES IS REGULATED BY:
- Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated February 27, 2015 No.104s;
- Resolution of the RF Government d/d August 29, 2014 No.876 “On Counter-Terrorism Security of the Facilities (Territories) of Rosatom State Corporation”;
- Resolution of the RF Government d/d April 13, 2016 No. 301 “On Amendments to the Requirements Relating to the Counter-Terrorism Security of the Facilities (Territories) of Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation”;
- Regulatory legal acts of Rosatom and TVEL JSC